Renaissance Flowers in Lebanon:
cultural renaissance flowered in Lebanon at the beginning of the
19th century. Professors, poets, journalists, writers and historians
grouped together in Lebanese or Western cultural institutions of the
capital to revive ancient Arab culture and reveal to their
compatriots the value of Modern culture. Their activities
accelerated the liberation of the Arab world, and raised its
cultural level. In Lebanon teaching establishments multiplied,
either founded by Lebanese or by foreign missions.
The St. Joseph university,
founded and run by the Jesuit fathers, has for over a century and a
quartet, contributed to the Lebanese and Arab culture.
The American University of Beirut,
founded in 1866, provides a liberal education the has trained many
of the world's leaders, educators and scientists. The general
educational spirit of Lebanon looks outwards, both to the east and
Many Lebanese students pursue their higher education in European,
American and Arab universities. Soon after independence, a Lebanese
state university was founded, which comprises faculties of law,
medicine, arts and sciences, and a teachers training college.
Later the Arab University, with faculties of arts, law, commerce and
engineering was opened.
The venerable Beirut university College has also been important
influence. in recent years, numerous new universities have sprung up
through out country, notably Kaslik Universities and Notre Dame
University (LouaizÚ), both north of Beirut and Balamand University
south of Tripoli.