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It is said that two chains of caves were discovered along the path of Al Jawz river and it is believed that they were settlements of the early Man. One of the chains and the most famous exists at about a km from the outlet of Al Jawz river. Plenty of axes, knives, drills, perforators in addition to a large set of granite pieces were retrieved from these caves which verifies the history of the early Man that dates back to thousands of years B.C.

This issue has also been confirmed by the museum of granite and stony tools whose documents were lost as it was transferred to one of the french museums.

Another archaeologic site and a crusade ruin at Batroun is the castle of Mousaylaha which is constructed on an isolated massive rock with steep sides protruding in the middle of a plain surrounded by mountains. It is believed that the castle dates back to the middle ages. It consists of two floors with an internal rectangular castle that can be reached by climbing few broken stairs. The internal castle overlies a set of pillars and has a well dug in its floor connected to canals carved in the

rocks. The central room has two doors, they lead to the western section and the eastern section which has a narrow sand stone staircase that leads to the multisectionned upper floor. The walls of this castle are thick and infiltrated with several scuttles used for security of for defense. A good part of its ceiling and the observation tower are demolished.

Of the ruins of Batroun is a small pond engraved in a beach rock in front of the phoenician wall. It is named the Pond of the King's Daughter after a Phoenician princess
that used to bathe there.


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